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Dani, 11, uses a Tippy Tap after a hygiene game at the the community event at SDN Waharia elementary school. Sanitation kit bags containing games, activities and information were used to promote hygiene practices and hand washing. Primari (Partner) and Oxfam staff assisted trained cadres to run the outdoor games.Nabire, Papua, Indonesia.

Indonesia is one of the most natural disaster-prone countries in the world. It is located at the friction points of three continental tectonic plates and is prone to seismic activities such as earthquakes and tsunamis. A significant proportion of the populations affected by small or medium scale disasters are deprived from their right to life and dignity. Disaster events push socio-economically marginalized people into poverty, increasing their dependency on natural resources. This, in turn, degrades the environment and further increases their vulnerability to disaster risk. Despite the growing understanding and acceptance of the importance of disaster risk reduction and increased disaster response capacities, disasters and the management and reduction of risk continue to pose a challenge.Casual observation indicates that over the past decade there has been an increased frequency in natural disasters.

The plight of chronically vulnerable communities. Recurring disasters also pose a great development challenge for all countries in Asia, and particularly in Indonesia. In several provinces, poor and chronically disaster-prone communities continue, year after year, to be vulnerable to recurrent disasters such as flood, drought and forest fire.